Global level

GOAL 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

“Progress in promoting peace and justice, and in building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions remains uneven across and within regions. Homicides are slowly declining, and more citizens around the world have better access to justice. However, violent conflicts have increased in recent years, and a number of high-intensity armed conflicts are causing large numbers of civilian casualties and driving millions of people from their homes. Disparities abound: data show that countries with higher income inequality suffer from higher levels of violence. Poorer countries and regions tend to be sources of victims for human traffickers and are more prone to corruption. In response, legal frameworks and institutions are being put in place— for example, on access to information and human rights promotion—but implementation does not always follow suit.”

Source: United Nations, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017


  • 16.1Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

    • Indicator 16.1.1 Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age   
    • Indicator 16.1.2 Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause  
    • Indicator 16.1.3 Proportion of population subjected to (a) physical violence, (b) psychological violence or (c) sexual violence in the previous 12 months
    • Indicator 16.1.4 Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live after dark


  • 16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

    • Indicator 16.2.1 Proportion of children aged 1-17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month   
    • Indicator 16.2.2 Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation   
    • Indicator 16.2.3 Proportion of young women and men aged 18 29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18


  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.

    • Indicator 16.3.1 Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms   
    • Indicator 16.3.2 Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population   
    • Indicator 16.3.3 Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism


  • 16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.

    • Indicator 16.4.1 Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars)   
    • Indicator 16.4.2 Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments


  • 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.

    • Indicator 16.5.1 Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months   
    • Indicator 16.5.2 Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months  


  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.

    • Indicator 16.6.1 Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar)
    • Indicator 16.6.2 Proportion of the population satisfied with their last experience of public services


  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

    • Indicator 16.7.1 Proportions of positions in national and local public institutions, including (a) the legislatures; (b) the public service; and (c) the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups
    • Indikátor 16.7.2 Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group


  • 16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.

    • Indicator 16.8.1 Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations


  • 16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.

    • Indicator 16.9.1 Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age  DATAcube.


  • 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.

    • Indicator 16.10.1 Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months
    • Indicator 16.10.2 Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information


  • 16.a Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime.

    • Indicator 16.a.1 Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles   


  • 16.b Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development.

    • Indicator 16.b.1 Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law   

Last updated: 23. 11. 2022