Global level

GOAL 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

“Investing in infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and supporting technological development, research and innovation are three driving forces for economic growth and sustainable development. These drivers can help countries reduce poverty by creating job opportunities, stimulating growth, and encouraging the building and improvement of physical facilities that are essential to the functioning of business and society. In recent years, steady improvements have been made in all three of these areas of sustainable development. However, renewed investment will be needed in the least developed countries (LDCs) to build infrastructure and ensure the doubling of industry’s share of GDP in those countries by 2030.”

Source: United Nations, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017


  • 9.1Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and trans-border infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all.

    • Indicator 9.1.1 Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road   
    • Indicator 9.1.2 Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport   


  • 9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries.

    • Indicator 9.2.1 Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita  DATAcube. 
    • Indicator 9.2.2 Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment   


  • 9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets.

    • Indicator 9.3.1 Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added   
    • Indicator 9.3.2 Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit   


  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.

    • Indicator 9.4.1 CO2 emission per unit of value added   


  • 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending.

    • Indicator 9.5.1 Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP  DATAcube.
    • Indicator 9.5.2 Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants  DATAcube.


  • 9.a Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.

    • Indicator 9.a.1 Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructure  


  • 9.b Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities.

    • Indicator 9.b.1 Proportion of medium and high-tech industry value added in total value added  


  • 9.c Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020.

    • Indicator 9.c.1 Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology  

Last updated: 09. 07. 2020