Global level

GOAL 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

“Universal access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy services requires expanding access to electricity and clean cooking fuels and technologies, as well as improving energy efficiency and increasing the share of renewable energy. However, progress in all these areas falls short of what is needed to achieve the Goal by 2030. Increased financing and bolder policies are required, along with the willingness of countries to embrace new technologies on a much more ambitious scale.”

Source: United Nations, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017


  • 7.1By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services.

    • Indicator 7.1.1 Proportion of population with access to electricity   
    • Indicator 7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology  


  • 7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.

    • Indicator 7.2.1 Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption   


  • 7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.

    • Indicator 7.3.1 Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP  DATAcube.  


  • 7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology.

    • Indicator 7.a.1 International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean energy research and development and renewable energy production, including in hybrid systems   


  • 7.b By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support.

    • Indicator 7.b.1  Installed renewable energy-generating capacity in developing and developed countries (in watts per capita)  

Last updated: 30. 04. 2024